International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies

Trauma Research Methods

 

Trauma researchers use state-of-the-art quantitative and qualitative research methods to understand human responses to trauma and extreme stress, and to develop and evaluate prevention and intervention programs to ameliorate the consequences of trauma.

This page gathers links to articles on trauma research methods from:

  • Special sections of the Journal of Traumatic Stress 
  • ISTSS eNewsletter, Traumatic StressPoints 
     

Journal of Traumatic Stress: Special articles from the Conference on Innovations in Trauma Research Methods

 

The Conference on Innovations in Trauma Research Methods (CITRM), initiated by the ISTSS Research Methodology SIG, and funded by the US National Institutes of Mental Health, was held for five consecutive years (2004 through 2008). Among the enduring products of these meetings were several special sections of the Journal of Traumatic Stress:

  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, December 2009
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2008
    Volume 22, Issue 6, Pages 593-633.
    • Innovations in trauma research methods, 2008 -  Sonis, Lauterbach, Palmieri, King & King
    • Overview of research addressing ethical dimensions of participation in traumatic stress studies: Autonomy and beneficence - Newman & Kaloupek
    • Enhancing clinical trial design of interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder - Leon & Davis
    • The application of mixed methods designs to trauma research - Creswell & Zhang
    • Multilevel regression analyses to investigate the relationship between two variables over time: Examining the longitudinal association between intrusion and avoidance - Suvak, Walling, Iverson, Taft & Resick
    • Improving models, methods, and measures: Contributions of CITRM to the field of psychological trauma - Keane
 
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, October 2008
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2007
    Volume 21, Issue 5, Pages 431-454.
    • Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2007 - Sonis, Palmieri, Lauterbach, King & King
    • Noninferiority and equivalence designs: Issues and implications for mental health research - Greene, Morland, Durkalski & Frueh
    • Statistical and methodological issues in the analysis of complex sample survey data: Practical guidance for trauma researchers - West
    • Poisson regression for modeling count and frequency outcomes in trauma research - Gagnon, Doron-LaMarca, Bell, O'Farrell & Taft
 
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, October 2007
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2006
    Volume 20, Issue 5, Pages 775-820.
    • Innovations in trauma research methods, 2006 - Sonis, King, King, Lauterbach & Palmieri
    • The rocks and hard places in psychotherapy outcome research - Schnurr
    • Considerations in treatment integrity: Implications and recommendations for PTSD research - Barber, Triffleman & Marmar
    • Assessment and control of confounding in trauma research - Kurth & Sonis
 
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, December 2006
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2005
    Volume 19, Issue 6, Pages 755-797.
    • Introduction to the special section - Sonis, Triffleman, King & King
    • Maximizing follow-up in longitudinal studies of traumatized populations - Scott, Sonis, Creamer & Dennis
    • Latent difference score approach to longitudinal trauma research  - King, King, McArdle, Saxe, Doron-LaMarca & Orazem
    • A guide to economic evaluation: Methods for cost-effectiveness analysis of person-level data  -  Hoch & Smith
 
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, April 2006
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2004
    Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 169-215.
    • Introduction to the special section - Sonis, Triffleman, King & King
    • Disaster research methods: Past progress and future directions -  Norris
    • Web-based methods in terrorism and disaster research - Schlenger & Silver
    • Measuring and modeling the social and geographic context of trauma: A multilevel modeling approach - Kawachi & Subramanian
    • Characterizing time in longitudinal trauma research - King, King, McArdle, Grimm, Jones & Ollendick

 

Research methods articles from ISTSS eNewsletter, Traumatic StressPoints

 

Creating an International Data Archive for Prospective Child Trauma Studies - Kassam-Adams (September 2010)

Implementing and Managing a Quick-Response Research Project: Advice from researchers responding to the tragedies at Virginia Tech and North Illinois University - Orcutt & Littleton (January 2010)

The Power of Latent Models: How Much Power Do You Have? - Cole (November 2009)

A 12-Step Program for Better Power Analyses - Cole (May 2009)

Clinical Prediction Rules and PTSD - Sonis (September 2008)

The Use of Magnetoencephalography in Studying the Effects of Trauma - Lajiness-O'Neill & Jacobson  (July 2008)

Actigraphy Improves Measurement of Sleep Functioning - Kobayashi, Hall, & Palmieri (March 2008)

Idolizing Efficient Decision-Making: Simon, Paula, Randy and Signal Detection Theory - Richard (March 2008)

Five Tools for Ethical Trauma-Focused Research - Becker-Blease (August 2007)

An Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods for Studying Trauma - Auerbach (June 2007)

New Methods for Modeling Intensive Longitudinal Data - Doron-LaMarca (October 2006)

Newer Approaches to Controlling Confounding: Propensity Scores - Sonis (Spring 2006)

Change Per Session: A New Efficiency Statistic for Treatment Studies - Greenwald (Winter 2005)

An Introduction to the Logic of Rasch Measurement -  Betemps (Spring 2003)

Item Response Theory Method and Application Gaining Support as Assessment Instrument - Palmieri (Summer 2002)