International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies

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Articles that appear in the Trauma Blog are from StressPoints, Journal of Traumatic Stress or web editorial contributions.

StressPoints is the award-winning online eNewsletter of ISTSS. StressPoints shares news and opinions about traumatic stress, highlights ISTSS and affiliate societies' activities and offers informational resources and feature articles of interest to the field. Access archived StressPoints articles prior to 2015.

Clinician's Corner: Psychological Treatment of Dissociative Disorders

Posted 2 November 2018 in StressPoints by Bethany L. Brand, Hugo J. Schielke, Paul Frewen, Ruth Lanius and Richard J. Loewenstein

Dissociative disorders (DDs) are not rare. The lifetime prevalence of DDs ranges from approximately 9 to 18 percent, with the most severe DD, dissociative identity disorder (DID), occurring in at least 1 percent of the general population (Sar, 2011). Despite this, DDs are underdiagnosed and undertreated.

Student Perspectives: Making Networking Work for You

Posted 1 November 2018 in StressPoints by Ashlee Warnecke, PhD

Recent research indicates that up to 85 percent of open job positions are filled through networking, and up to 70 percent of job positions are filled before ever being posted (Adler, 2016; Belli, 2017). Although much of this information is derived from the business profession, researchers across professions are increasingly using websites such as LinkedIn to survey and track information regarding networking, expanding the applicability of these striking statistics to fields outside of business such as psychology.

Student Perspectives: Client Violence and the Working Alliance

Posted 1 November 2018 in StressPoints by Josianne Lamothe

Client violence poses a significant challenge to professionals in the fields of health care and social services. According to two systematic reviews, anywhere from 2 to 32 percent of healthcare workers and 2 to 34 percent of child protection workers will be physically assaulted by a patient/client at least once over the course of one year (Pompeii, Dement, Schoenfisch, Lavery, Souder, Smith, & Lipscomb, 2013; Robson, Cossar, & Quayle, 2014).

Military Matters: STRONG STAR Training Initiative Working to Increase Veteran Access to Evidence-Based Treatments for PTSD

Posted 1 November 2018 in StressPoints by Katherine A. Dondanville, PsyD, ABPP, and Brooke A. Fina, LCSW, BCD, for the STRONG STAR Consortium

Almost 3 million military personnel have deployed post-9/11 in support of operations in and around Iraq and Afghanistan, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after deployment to a combat zone is a significant problem (Morgan et al., 2018; Tanielian & Jaycox, 2008). Research has shown first-line treatments, including Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Prolonged Exposure (PE), to be effective in reducing PTSD symptoms with multiple trauma types including combat trauma (Foa et al., 2018; Resick et al., 2017; Resick et al., 2015).

When Nowhere is Safe: The Traumatic Origins of Developmental Trauma Disorder

Posted 22 October 2018 in JOTS Highlights by Joseph Spinazzola, Ph.D. & Julian D. Ford, Ph.D.

Over the past 15 years, Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD) has been formulated and proposed as a diagnosis by clinicians and researchers—and more broadly, as a way to capture the complex psychological, biological, and interpersonal sequelae of children’s exposure to victimization that extend beyond posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (D'Andrea, Ford, Stolbach, Spinazzola, & van der Kolk, 2012; Ford et al., 2013; van der Kolk, 2005). Results of an international survey of pediatric and behavioral health clinicians provided initial support for the clinical utility of the DTD syndrome (Ford et al., 2013).

Trauma, Depression, and Social Support Among Migrant and Non-Migrant Males in Kazakhstan

Posted 22 October 2018 in JOTS Highlights by Kaitlin Ward, Ph.D., Stacy Shaw, Ph.D., Mingway Chang, Ph.D., & Nabila El-Bassel Ph.D.

Globally, experiencing trauma is associated with depression (Ehring, Razik, & Emmelkamp, 2011; Fowler, Allen, Oldham, & Frueh, 2013). Some studies have found that receiving social support can lessen the effects that traumatic events have on depression; however, this has not been studied among men in Central Asia. Urban areas of Kazakhstan have become desirable destinations for migrants in the Central Asian region who are seeking economic opportunity (Anderson & Hancilova, 2011), insomuch that approximately 3.6 million migrants are currently living in Kazakhstan (International Organization for Migration [IOM], 2017).

Crossing the Finish Line in TF-CBT: Factors Associated with Treatment Completion for Families Following Alleged Child Abuse

Posted 4 October 2018 by Anna Stagg, MEd, PhD & Amanda NeMoyer, J.D., Ph.D.

Childhood physical and/or sexual abuse—something more than 100,000 youth in the United States have experienced—has been observed to detrimentally impact youth across biological, psychological, and social domains, and may lead to posttraumatic stress and trauma

Trauma and Diversity: The Role of Health Care in Addressing Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Youth

Posted 3 October 2018 by Chris Sexton, PhD, MSW, and Briana Woods-Jaeger, PhD, MS

Toxic stress resulting from chronic exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), including trauma exposure, parent mental health problems, and family dysfunction, can lead to numerous health, social, and behavioral problems throughout the lifespan (Anda et al., 2006).
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