International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies

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Articles that appear in the Trauma Blog are from StressPoints, Journal of Traumatic Stress or web editorial contributions.

StressPoints is the award-winning online eNewsletter of ISTSS. StressPoints shares news and opinions about traumatic stress, highlights ISTSS and affiliate societies' activities and offers informational resources and feature articles of interest to the field. Access archived StressPoints articles prior to 2015.

Clinician's Corner: Psychological Treatment of Dissociative Disorders

Posted 2 November 2018 in StressPoints by Bethany L. Brand, Hugo J. Schielke, Paul Frewen, Ruth Lanius and Richard J. Loewenstein

Dissociative disorders (DDs) are not rare. The lifetime prevalence of DDs ranges from approximately 9 to 18 percent, with the most severe DD, dissociative identity disorder (DID), occurring in at least 1 percent of the general population (Sar, 2011). Despite this, DDs are underdiagnosed and undertreated.

Student Perspectives: Making Networking Work for You

Posted 1 November 2018 in StressPoints by Ashlee Warnecke, PhD

Recent research indicates that up to 85 percent of open job positions are filled through networking, and up to 70 percent of job positions are filled before ever being posted (Adler, 2016; Belli, 2017). Although much of this information is derived from the business profession, researchers across professions are increasingly using websites such as LinkedIn to survey and track information regarding networking, expanding the applicability of these striking statistics to fields outside of business such as psychology.

Student Perspectives: Client Violence and the Working Alliance

Posted 1 November 2018 in StressPoints by Josianne Lamothe

Client violence poses a significant challenge to professionals in the fields of health care and social services. According to two systematic reviews, anywhere from 2 to 32 percent of healthcare workers and 2 to 34 percent of child protection workers will be physically assaulted by a patient/client at least once over the course of one year (Pompeii, Dement, Schoenfisch, Lavery, Souder, Smith, & Lipscomb, 2013; Robson, Cossar, & Quayle, 2014).

Military Matters: STRONG STAR Training Initiative Working to Increase Veteran Access to Evidence-Based Treatments for PTSD

Posted 1 November 2018 in StressPoints by Katherine A. Dondanville, PsyD, ABPP, and Brooke A. Fina, LCSW, BCD, for the STRONG STAR Consortium

Almost 3 million military personnel have deployed post-9/11 in support of operations in and around Iraq and Afghanistan, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after deployment to a combat zone is a significant problem (Morgan et al., 2018; Tanielian & Jaycox, 2008). Research has shown first-line treatments, including Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Prolonged Exposure (PE), to be effective in reducing PTSD symptoms with multiple trauma types including combat trauma (Foa et al., 2018; Resick et al., 2017; Resick et al., 2015).

Student Perspectives: Embracing Mentorship and Creating a Network of Professional Support

Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Virginia K. McCaughey

Early career mentors are some of the first people we choose to be a part of our professional development. We invite them into our lives, while they allow us into theirs, to build something of a partnership. Our parents are intrinsically the first people to support us in a unidirectional way, followed by close family members, teachers, and coaches. In a literal sense, these people are assigned to us, but it is not until we meet professionals whose footsteps we would like to follow that we begin to choose, for ourselves, who will guide us. The concept of choosing a mentor, as opposed to being assigned one, is an important part of the conception of mentoring relationships.

Military Matters: The Ohio Army National Guard Mental Health Initiative: Cohort Summary and Key Findings

Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Laura Sampson and Gregory H. Cohen

Editor's Note: In the United States, the Army National Guard is a federal military reserve force stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories, and the District of Columbia.

The Army National Guard (ARNG) has been increasingly deployed during recent conflicts, particularly in Afghanistan and Iraq, as part of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn. ARNG engagement was crucial during these operations, and continues to be for current deployments, given the lack of a mandatory draft and related decreases in enrollment of active-duty service members over time (Anon 2011; Tanielian and Jaycox 2008).
 

Media Matters: News, Netflix, and Numbing: Why Media Really Does Matter

Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Melissa Turkel and Heather Kacos

The current trend in news media is to provide widespread and in-depth coverage on catastrophic and stressful events. When horrific events and mass acts of terrorism occur, news outlets provide moment-to-moment updates on “active scenes,” body counts, and emergency responder activity, often showing graphic images of violence and destruction. Reporters also extensively discuss backgrounds and lives of perpetrators as well as victims. This creates an almost character-like quality to the story, which makes it harder to separate from your average Netflix crime drama.

Global Perspectives: Improving Care Quality and Preventing Maltreatment in Institutional Care in Sub-Saharan Africa

Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Tobias Hecker & Katharin Hermenau

With more than 56 million orphans, sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region worldwide regarding the number of orphans needing care (UNICEF, 2014). An orphan is hereby defined as a child under the age of 18, who lost one or both parents due to death from any cause (UNICEF, 2006). As a result of poverty, political conflicts, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic, the traditional system of care within extended families is overburdened by the rising numbers of orphans (Better Care Network, 2015; Li et al., 2008). Thus, childcare institutions still constitute the most frequently utilized form of providing formal alternative care for children without parents (McCall & Groark, 2015; Rygaard, 2010).
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