Posted 3 June 2016 in StressPoints by Julian D. Ford, PhD
Adolescence is a time of turmoil developmentally, and more than 60 percent of youth in the United States have the additional complication of exposure to traumatic event(s) (Atwoli, Stein, Koenen, & McLaughlin, 2015)—with comparable rates reported in Westernized countries worldwide and higher rates in countries in which poverty and violence are pervasive.
Posted 20 June 2016 in JOTS Highlights by Emma Blackmore, PhD, Frank Putnam, MD, and Thomas O'Connor, PhD
A mother’s mental health can have substantial impacts on her pregnancy, delivery and her baby’s health. Previous studies have demonstrated a link between depression and/or anxiety and higher rates of preterm birth and lower birth weight. Most studies, however, do not systematically assess traumatic life events. This is a significant oversight given that depression and anxiety often occur together, and may be a direct consequence of trauma exposure.
Posted 3 June 2016 in StressPoints by Belle Zaccari, PsyD
Best practices for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA or VA) and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) identify psychopharmacology, stress inoculation, and trauma focused therapy (i.e. often exposure and/or cognitive based therapies) as the front-line, gold standard approaches to PTSD treatment. While the literature indicates that historically used and empirically based treatment models are efficacious, there are studies which show that clinician fidelity to those models is often compromised, and drop-out rates average approximately 20 percent.
Posted 3 June 2016 in StressPoints by Carl Andrew Castro, PhD, and Sara Kintzle, PhD, LMSW
The Military Transition Theory aims to describe, explain and predict important aspects of transitions that occur throughout a service member’s military career, including: joining the military, deployments, moving from one duty station to another and leaving the military.
Posted 3 June 2016 in JOTS Highlights by Ruby Charak, PhD, and Rebecca L. Brock, PhD
Childhood victimization experiences, including abuse and neglect, are associated with short-and long-term impairments in cognitive, affective, and psychosocial performance. Often studies addressing these associations focus on a specific type of victimization (e.g., sexual abuse) despite the tendency for different types of victimization experiences to co-occur. Such accumulating victimization experiences have an aggregate effect on a child’s functioning and well-being. Consequently, it is imperative that researchers examine the combined effect of co-occurring types of victimization on child/adolescent and adult psychopathology.
Posted 20 June 2016 in JOTS Highlights by Juliette Harik, Jessica Hamblen, and Natalie Hundt
For providers who work with PTSD patients, an important part of their job involves providing education about PTSD treatment options and helping patients decide on a course of treatment. But, it can be hard to know exactly how to approach treatment decisions with patients. For example, how much should providers involve patients in these decisions? What are the most important pieces of treatment information to share?