Posted 24 October 2016 in StressPoints, Clinical Issues and Treatment by Lauren M. Sippel, PhD
Intranasal oxytocin may be a safe and effective pharmacological mechanism for improving effectiveness of trauma-focused psychotherapies—but caution is warranted.
Posted 7 October 2016 in JOTS Highlights, Clinical Issues and Treatment by Amar Mandavia, MA, Gabriella Robinson, BS, Bekh Bradley, PhD, Kerry Ressler, MD, PhD, and Abigail Powers, PhD
Exposure to childhood abuse puts individuals at risk for many negative mental health outcomes in adulthood, including substance abuse. Identifying factors that may increase individuals risk for substance use problems following child abuse exposure is important as we work to improve both prevention and treatment of substance use disorders. Both problems with emotion regulation and later exposure to trauma may be particularly important factors to consider, and so the goal of our study was to examine the differential effects of child abuse exposure, other trauma exposure, and emotion dysregulation on substance use among a group of individuals with high rates of trauma exposure.
Posted 24 October 2016 in StressPoints, Global Issues by Verena Ertl, PhD
It is a positive development that researchers dealing with conflict-affected populations have become mindful of the complex interplay of contributing factors concerning the development and perpetuation of mental health disorders, and their role in the transmission and perpetuation of violence.
Posted 24 October 2016 in StressPoints, Clinical Issues and Treatment by Charla Rhodes, BA
A safe space is a place in which individuals can find refuge and protection from insensitivity, discrimination, persecution, and other potentially negative experiences. Debate on the utility of safe spaces at universities grows more controversial as college campuses struggle to address the growing numbers of students calling for their presence.
Posted 24 October 2016 in StressPoints, Military and Combat by Holly B. Herberman Mash, PhD, Joscelyn E. Fisher, PhD, and Alexander G. Liu, MPH
Grief has increasingly become a focus of attention within the military, with 80 percent of redeployed soldiers reporting knowing someone who was seriously injured or killed in theater (Thomas et al., 2010; Toblin et al., 2012).
Posted 7 October 2016 in Diversity Issues, JOTS Highlights by Sarah Lowe, PhD, Laura Sampson, Oliver Gruebner, and Sandro Galea, PHD
In the past few decades, we have seen major natural disasters in the United States and beyond – Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the Sichuan earthquake in 2008, the Joplin tornado in 2011, to name a few. These events have brought to light the vulnerability of disadvantaged communities to both disaster-related exposures, such as housing damage, displacement, and financial losses, and longer-term adverse outcomes, including physical and mental health conditions.