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When Nowhere is Safe: The Traumatic Origins of Developmental Trauma Disorder

Posted 22 October 2018 in JOTS Highlights by Joseph Spinazzola, Ph.D. & Julian D. Ford, Ph.D.

Over the past 15 years, Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD) has been formulated and proposed as a diagnosis by clinicians and researchers—and more broadly, as a way to capture the complex psychological, biological, and interpersonal sequelae of children’s exposure to victimization that extend beyond posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (D'Andrea, Ford, Stolbach, Spinazzola, & van der Kolk, 2012; Ford et al., 2013; van der Kolk, 2005). Results of an international survey of pediatric and behavioral health clinicians provided initial support for the clinical utility of the DTD syndrome (Ford et al., 2013).

Trauma, Depression, and Social Support Among Migrant and Non-Migrant Males in Kazakhstan

Posted 22 October 2018 in JOTS Highlights by Kaitlin Ward, Ph.D., Stacy Shaw, Ph.D., Mingway Chang, Ph.D., & Nabila El-Bassel Ph.D.

Globally, experiencing trauma is associated with depression (Ehring, Razik, & Emmelkamp, 2011; Fowler, Allen, Oldham, & Frueh, 2013). Some studies have found that receiving social support can lessen the effects that traumatic events have on depression; however, this has not been studied among men in Central Asia. Urban areas of Kazakhstan have become desirable destinations for migrants in the Central Asian region who are seeking economic opportunity (Anderson & Hancilova, 2011), insomuch that approximately 3.6 million migrants are currently living in Kazakhstan (International Organization for Migration [IOM], 2017).

Crossing the Finish Line in TF-CBT: Factors Associated with Treatment Completion for Families Following Alleged Child Abuse

Posted 4 October 2018 by Anna Stagg, MEd, PhD & Amanda NeMoyer, J.D., Ph.D.

Childhood physical and/or sexual abuse—something more than 100,000 youth in the United States have experienced—has been observed to detrimentally impact youth across biological, psychological, and social domains, and may lead to posttraumatic stress and trauma

Trauma and Diversity: The Role of Health Care in Addressing Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Youth

Posted 3 October 2018 by Chris Sexton, PhD, MSW, and Briana Woods-Jaeger, PhD, MS

Toxic stress resulting from chronic exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), including trauma exposure, parent mental health problems, and family dysfunction, can lead to numerous health, social, and behavioral problems throughout the lifespan (Anda et al., 2006).

Trauma and World Literature: Moral Injury in The Trojan Women

Posted 2 October 2018 by Scott Janssen

Written during the slaughter of the Peloponnesian War which engulfed the Greek world in the fifth century BCE, Euripides’ play The Trojan Women is one of the most unsparing pieces of anti-war literature ever written.

Individuals with PTSD Experience Difficulties Regulating Positive Emotions

Posted 10 September 2018 in JOTS Highlights by Nicole H. Weiss, Ph.D., Katherine L. Dixon-Gordon, Ph.D., Courtney Peasant, Ph.D., & Tami P. Sullivan, Ph.D.

Emotion regulation has been increasingly viewed as a transdiagnostic factor with relevance to development and treatment of several forms of psychopathology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, existing research in this area has focused almost exclusively on difficulties stemming from negative emotions. Recent work suggests that individuals may also experience difficulties regulating positive emotions.

Student Perspectives: Embracing Mentorship and Creating a Network of Professional Support

Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Virginia K. McCaughey

Early career mentors are some of the first people we choose to be a part of our professional development. We invite them into our lives, while they allow us into theirs, to build something of a partnership. Our parents are intrinsically the first people to support us in a unidirectional way, followed by close family members, teachers, and coaches. In a literal sense, these people are assigned to us, but it is not until we meet professionals whose footsteps we would like to follow that we begin to choose, for ourselves, who will guide us. The concept of choosing a mentor, as opposed to being assigned one, is an important part of the conception of mentoring relationships.

Military Matters: The Ohio Army National Guard Mental Health Initiative: Cohort Summary and Key Findings

Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Laura Sampson and Gregory H. Cohen

Editor's Note: In the United States, the Army National Guard is a federal military reserve force stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories, and the District of Columbia.

The Army National Guard (ARNG) has been increasingly deployed during recent conflicts, particularly in Afghanistan and Iraq, as part of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn. ARNG engagement was crucial during these operations, and continues to be for current deployments, given the lack of a mandatory draft and related decreases in enrollment of active-duty service members over time (Anon 2011; Tanielian and Jaycox 2008).
 
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