Featured Articles in this Issue
Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Jacob D. Lindy and Bonnie L. Green
Today’s international politics swirl around the issue of U.S.-Russia relations, specifically trust versus mistrust. In 1990, members of the Board of the (then) Society for Traumatic Stress Studies traveled to Moscow for a symposium on traumatic stress. The moment was a portentous one: the Cold War was ending; the Berlin Wall had recently fallen; the USSR was in its last days, and Mikhail Gorbachev’s Perestroika was in full force.
Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Tobias Hecker & Katharin Hermenau
With more than 56 million orphans, sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region worldwide regarding the number of orphans needing care (UNICEF, 2014). An orphan is hereby defined as a child under the age of 18, who lost one or both parents due to death from any cause (UNICEF, 2006). As a result of poverty, political conflicts, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic, the traditional system of care within extended families is overburdened by the rising numbers of orphans (Better Care Network, 2015; Li et al., 2008). Thus, childcare institutions still constitute the most frequently utilized form of providing formal alternative care for children without parents (McCall & Groark, 2015; Rygaard, 2010).
Posted 10 September 2018 in JOTS Highlights by Nicole H. Weiss, Ph.D., Katherine L. Dixon-Gordon, Ph.D., Courtney Peasant, Ph.D., & Tami P. Sullivan, Ph.D.
Emotion regulation has been increasingly viewed as a transdiagnostic factor with relevance to development and treatment of several forms of psychopathology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, existing research in this area has focused almost exclusively on difficulties stemming from negative emotions. Recent work suggests that individuals may also experience difficulties regulating positive emotions.
Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Melissa Turkel and Heather Kacos
The current trend in news media is to provide widespread and in-depth coverage on catastrophic and stressful events. When horrific events and mass acts of terrorism occur, news outlets provide moment-to-moment updates on “active scenes,” body counts, and emergency responder activity, often showing graphic images of violence and destruction. Reporters also extensively discuss backgrounds and lives of perpetrators as well as victims. This creates an almost character-like quality to the story, which makes it harder to separate from your average Netflix crime drama.
Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Laura Sampson and Gregory H. Cohen
Editor's Note: In the United States, the Army National Guard is a federal military reserve force stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories, and the District of Columbia.
The Army National Guard (ARNG) has been increasingly deployed during recent conflicts, particularly in Afghanistan and Iraq, as part of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn. ARNG engagement was crucial during these operations, and continues to be for current deployments, given the lack of a mandatory draft and related decreases in enrollment of active-duty service members over time (Anon 2011; Tanielian and Jaycox 2008).
Posted 1 September 2018 in StressPoints by Virginia K. McCaughey
Early career mentors are some of the first people we choose to be a part of our professional development. We invite them into our lives, while they allow us into theirs, to build something of a partnership. Our parents are intrinsically the first people to support us in a unidirectional way, followed by close family members, teachers, and coaches. In a literal sense, these people are assigned to us, but it is not until we meet professionals whose footsteps we would like to follow that we begin to choose, for ourselves, who will guide us. The concept of choosing a mentor, as opposed to being assigned one, is an important part of the conception of mentoring relationships.